Hotrodding a Yamaha M1516

I was approached by a studio owner in Sao Paulo, Brazil, asking to rebuild an M1516 and add a few modifications to it. The owner wanted a great sounding analog console with API style tone. Since it will be used mainly for tracking, he wanted to add transformer based direct outputs to each channel. The M1516 has 4 program summing buses and 4 matrices. We decided to upgrade some of transformers while leaving some stock. I started by swapping all of the electrolytic capacitor in the signal path with Nichicon Muse Bipolar capacitors. The caps in the power supply were replaced with better versions from Nichicon also.

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The M1516 came with a combination of NE80200 discrete opamps for the preamp and AN6522 and TA7322P monolithic opamps for EQ and housekeeping. I decided to swap the monolithic opamps for modern versions from Texas Instruments, the OPA2604 and OPA604. The AN6522 opamps in the EQ gyrator had 16v Zener diodes to drop the +/-24v rails down. I removed the Zeners and ran the OPA2604 at +/-24v. Now the stock EQs have better detail and more headroom. The summing opamps is the Program buses are also TA7322P, so I swapped those as well. This dropped the noise floor and improved dynamics. Since the new OPA604 opamps are DIP and the old TA7322P are SIP, I decided to use an adapter PCB from Brown Dog Adapters in Idaho to save time instead of building them from scratch. I was disappointed to find out that these came unassembled. I lost precious time building 40 little assemblies, only to find out that the right angle header pins were too big to fit in the holes of the circuit board on the M1516, by 0.004″. Good thing I have a collection of PCB drill bits. Couldn’t risk using a power drill, so they were all drilled out with my trusty Dremel.

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After upgrading the monolithic opamps, I next turned to the transformers. The owner wanted to add 16 direct output transformers, and swap the Program 1 & 2 and Matrix 1 & 2 bus output transformers. After some research I decided on using the API copies made by Jeff Steiger from CAPI in Chicago. The output transformers are EA2503, based on the original design by Ed Anderson of API in the 1960’s. These are 6db hotter that the stock Tamura transformers. The direct output transformers are also API copies, the EA2623. To add the direct output circuit, I was able to hijack a pair of unused pins on an existing circuit board connector. Yamaha even left 2 empty pins in the holes. They were crimped, so I had to solder to them. But it made for a factory looking modification. I swapped the output transformers pretty easy. Same mounts and everything. The 16 direct output transformers needed to be mounted somewhere. The best spot seemed to be on the steel plate covering the stock transformers. A few holes and rivets later and they almost look stock. Those were sourced post fader and plumbed into an ELCO 16 channel panel mount connector, stolen from an ADAT.

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The last step was to upgrade the Low Mid and High Mid EQ filters in the first eight channels. The stock gyrator circuit sounded better with the OPA2604 upgrade, but it doesn’t compare to the API style inductor based filters. It’s a common modification in PM2000 EQ circuits, so parts values for common frequencies were easy to come by. I chose shielded inductors, Poly film capacitors and high precision resistors to build the filter tanks on Radio Shack (RiP) perfboard. After removing the stock gyrator components, I cut apart the filter sets and mounted them on the input channel boards. The were easy to wire and fit in the space allotted with room to spare.

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After 4 months of periodic work, I finally reached a point where I could apply power again. First I verified the output voltages on the power supply. installed an few channels and made sure nothing smoked. After some positive tests, I decided to install the remaining channels in groups of 4, test between each group. To my surprise, everything worked with the exception of one bad solder joint on a capacitor. I ran a battery of tests including bandwidth, distortion, phase and good old fashioned listening to music. The most impressive test was comparing the stock EQ to the LCR EQ. I used Smaart to measure the transfer functions of each frequency bank, with maximum boost applied. The LCR filters are wider, and distributed further apart. Most intriguing was the increase in signal level by switching to a passive filter. The first graph shows the stock gyrator filters, the second shows all the LCR filters, the third graph shows the High Mid Gyrator filter in red and the High Mid LCR filters in green.

Stock EQ max gainLCR EQ max gainHiMid EQ Diff

14 Comments Add yours

  1. Hello, I am currently upgrading my M1516, where did you use the OPA2604 and OPA604 exactly? I have already replace 4 of the old op amps in my pgm out 1 & 2, I would now like to upgrade the op amps on each channel card. Did you use the opa604 on the eq section? I am buying kits from jlm audio, and their kits all come with opa2604, do I have to use the opa 604? and I also went to the brown dog site but couldn’t find the 9 pin pcb adapters you used. do you have a direct link to them? Thanks!


    1. flyingeyepro says:

      Hello Fernando, I used the OPA604 to replace the TA7322 SIP opamp and the OPA2604 to replace the AN6522 dual DIP opamp in the EQ section. The new JLM adapter board is better than the Brown Dog adapter (which I do not recommend). Since I needed 40 to rebuild the M1516, I built my own. I used The SOIC version of the OPA604, mounted to a small SOIC/DIP PCB I found on eBay, attached to an 8 pin header (I think pin 1 is not used) and came in under $5 each including the opamp. It takes a steady hand to free solder SOIC opamps, but I figured out some tricks that helped.

      I have also worked out a BOM of components to replace the low shelf gyrator filters with Inductor filters, like the JLM mod. I also changed the high shelf filter to a lower frequency with more gain. I’m writing a blog about that now. Should publish later today.


  2. Joe Mecozzi says:

    Great job on the M1516! I’d like to install direct outputs on my M1516. Could you share the point to point wiring? Happy to pay for the information. Thanks.


    1. flyingeyepro says:

      Hi Joe, Thanks for the kind words. For the direct output, I tapped off the Post Fader signal between the 100 ohm resister and the Pan Pot. Added a short wire down to pin 4 (pin 2 is GND, but only on the wire not on the PCB, slight oversight on Yamaha’s part) on connector C3 on each input channel board. Getting the contacts of the of plastic housing takes some patience, but makes for a nice looking mod. That output goes directly to the transformer primary. Hopefully that makes sense. If you need more, I may have some photos somewhere.


      1. Joe Mecozzi says:

        Thanks!!!!! Photo’s are always good insurance if you have them available. I’ll be investing in 16 output transformers soon and get to work on that mod.


  3. Good afternoon,
    I also live in Brazil, you can pass the contact of Sao Paulo guy? Yamaha M1516 console.
    Recently I bought a Yamaha M1532.
    You can tell me some questions:
    1 – It works with a power supply – 18V, + 18v, 48v and 5v?
    2 – What is best transformer for direct outputs – API 2503 or 2623? or Haufe.
    3 – to improve EQ, mod JLM is a good opçãoi?
    Thank you


  4. Joe Welch says:

    Hello, did you replace the ceramic disc caps in the power supply or just the Electrolytics. Also, having trouble finding the exact replacements for the 10000 uF pair in the p-supply, none of the ones I see online appear to be as big in size. Thanks, Joe


    1. flyingeyepro says:

      Hi Joe, I replaced the electrolytic only. I got my parts from Mouser. Most of the new caps were smaller than the originals.


  5. Great job with the mods! I’m sure that console sounds awesome. I plan to do some similar mods to my 1516. Do you have a BOM for the mods that you did or any other documentation from your mods? Trying to figure out the most cost efficient way to order parts for this project. Thanks!


    1. flyingeyepro says:

      Drop me an email. Flyingeyepro at gmail. I can send you my Mouser BOM.


  6. northwight says:

    Very inspiring, really well written article! I just acquired a 1532 in good original condition… I’m going to recap the PS, the PGM masters, and a few input channels at least, I’m hearing more hiss than necessary imo. I’m emulating your example with Nichicon Muse for the BPs but I was wondering what series you used for the polarized ‘lytics – I notice that the Nichicon KZ ‘audio grade’ line has a limited set of capacitances available – in particular I wonder what you used for the 10uf/35v that proliferate throughout… thanks again for this post, it actually really helped convinced me to take the plunge and buy this console.


    1. flyingeyepro says:

      Thank you for the kind words. I used bipolar electrolytics in every capacitor that was in the signal path. There are some that argue against that, but I’ve had great success. I also rounded the various capacitor values up to a few common values. I can send you my Mouser parts list if you like. I’ve got both the console and PSU capacitor lists.

      I found that replacing the Toshiba TA7322 opamps in the PGM and MTX summing circuits reduced the hiss. The recap did more for improving clarity and tone.

      Lastly, I’m in the process of getting PCBs manufactured for an easy LCR EQ mod. Stay tuned for another blogpost.


  7. northwight says:

    Aha, yes I was wondering if you’d done just that (gone full-BP). I would be silly to turn down your kind offer of sharing that Mouser shopping list. Obviously I’m super interested in the EQ PCB when you are ready to leak it! I’ll send you a note, from this same user id at gmail. Awesome! Thanks.


  8. Todd says:

    Thank you for taking the time to create this site. I’ve been reading and rereading as i prepare to clean up my beloved M1532. Not only super informative, but also well written and quite enjoyable to read. My plan is much like Northwight’s, Im starting with the Master 1+2 and the Power supply, then moving on to channels. Would you mind sharing your Mouser list? I’ve got CAPI 2503 transformers and the JML opamp mod kits on the way. Thanks again!


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